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赤芍种植技术

时间: 2017/12/13

  (YI)XUANDIZHENGDI

  XUANZETUZHISHUSONG、TUCENGSHENHOU,PAISHUILIANGHAODEPINGDIHUOHUANPO,GENGFAN30LIMIZUOYOU,QINGCHUTIANJIANSHIKUAI、ZACAOHECAOGEN,RANHOUDALONGHUOZUOQI。RUSHAZHIJIAOZHONGTOUSHUIHAODEDIKUAI,YICAIYONGPINGQI,TUZHIJIAOZHANTOUSHUIBULIANGDEDIKUAI,YICAIYONGGAOQI。QIGAO15LIMIZUOYOU,QIKUAN100-140LIMI,QIJIANJU35LIMI。

  (ER)ZHONGZHIFANGFA

  1、QIMIANSHUNXIANGKAIQIANGOU,GOUSHEN5-7LIMI,TIAOBO,JIANGZHONGZIJUNYUNSARUGOUZHONG,FUTU5LIMIZUOYOU,SHAOZHENYA。ZUIHAOSHANGGAIJIUFEI。DI2NIAN5YUEKAISHICHUMIAO,MEINIAN5-6YUEZHUISHINONGJIAFEI1CI,DONGJIZAIQIMIANPUQUANFEIHUOTUZAFEI,YIBAOANQUANYUEDONG。PEIYU2NIANHOUZUOZHONGMIAOJINXINGYIZAI,YIZAIFANGFATONGYATOUZAIFA。ZHONGZIFANZHI,YINSHENGZHANGNIANXIANZHANG,YIBANXUYONG5NIANZUOYOUCAINENGSHOUHUO,SHENGCHANSHANGDUOBUCAIYONG。

  2、YATOUZAIFA

  KECAIYONGDALONGZAIPEI。ZAILONGSHANGKAIGOU,JIANGXUANHAODEYATOUANZHUJU30LIMIZAIZHONG,YACHAOSHANG,YONGSHAOLIANGTUGUDINGYATOU,ZAIYONGFUSHUBINGFEIHUOYOUJIFEILIAOSHIRUGOUNEI,FUTUHOUSHAOYAJIKE。

  (SAN)TIANJIANGUANLI

  1、ZHONGGENGCHUCAO

  ZAIZHONGHOU,TOULIANGNIANYOUMIAOAIXIAO,ZUIHAOZAIQIMIANPUSHANGQUANFEI,BUJINZENGJIAFEILI,BINGYIZHIZACAODESHENGZHANG。ZAIHOUDI2NIANHONGYALUCHUHOU,YINGLIJIZHONGGENGCHUCAO,CISHIDECHISHAOGENXIANXI,ZHAGENBUSHEN,BUYISHENCHU。5,6YUEGEZHONGGENGCHUCAOYICI。

  2、PEITU、GUANGAI

  MEINIANDONGJIZAIQINGLIKUZHICANYEDETONGSHI,YINGPEITU1CI,YIFANGZHIYUEDONGYALUCHUDIMIANKUSI。ZAIXIAJIGAOWENGANZAOSHIQI,YEYINGSHIDANGPEITUKANGHAN。YOUTIAOJIANDEDIQU,KEYIGUANGAI。DUOYUJIJIE,YAOJISHIPAISHUI。

  3、ZHAILEI XIANLEISHI,XUANQINGTIANJIANGHUALEIQUANBUZHAICHU,YILIGENBUSHENGZHANG。LIUZHONGDEZHIZHU,KESHIDANGQUDIAOBUFENHUALEI,SHIZHONGZICHONGSHIBAOMAN。

  4、JIANZUO ZAIHOUDANGNIANHEDI2NIAN,KESHIDANGZAICHISHAOKONGJIANZAIZHONGYUMI、DADOU,YIJIANGDIXIAJIDIBIAOWENDU,YOUNENGSHOUHUOLIANGSHI。

  BINGCHONGHAIFANGZHI:

  1、BINGHAI

  SHAOYAOHUIMEIBING: SHIYOUYIZHONGZHENJUNYINQIDEBINGHAI,YE、JING、HUADENGBUWEIJUNHUIBEIHAI。BINGJUNZHUYAOYIJUNHESUIBINGYETUOLUO,ZAITUZHONGYUEDONG。YIBANZAIKAIHUAYIHOUFABING,YINYULIANMIANSHIZUIZHONG。FANGZHIFANGFA: FABINGHOU,QINGCHUBEIHAIZHIYE,JIZHONGSHAOHUIHUOSHENMAI。CAIQULUNZUOHUOXUANYONGWUBINGZHONGYA,PINGSHIYINGJIAQIANGTIANJIANGUANLI,JISHIPAISHUI,BAOCHITONGFENGTOUGUANG。YIFABINGQIHEFABINGCHUQIYONG1∶1∶100BOERDUOYEPENSHAIZHIZHU,MEIGE10-14TIANPEN1CI,LIANXUJINXING3-4CI。

  SHAOYAOXIUBING: SHIYOUYIZHONGZHENJUNYINQIDEBINGHAI,WEIHAIYEPIAN。7、8YUEBINGQINGJIAZHONG。FANGZHIFANGFA: SHAOYAOSHOUHUOSHIJIANGCANZHUBINGYEJIZHONGSHAOHUI,JIANSHAOYUEDONGJUNYUAN。ZAIFABINGCHUQIPENBOMEI0.3-0.4DUSHILIUHEJIHUO97%DIXIUNA400BEIYEXIAOGUOLIANGHAO。

  2、HAICHONG YOUQICAO、DILAOHU、LOUGUDENGWEIHAIGENBU。MEIMUKEYONGXINLIULIN2GONGJIN,ZHICHENGDUTU,JIEHEZHENGDISARUTUZHONGDUSHA。

  SHAOYAODEZAIPEIJISHUER

  SHAOYAO(PaeonieLaclifloraPall)SHIWOGUOCHUANTONGDEMINGHUAZHIYI,YUMUDANHECHENGWEI“HUAZHONGERJUE”SHIZHUANGDIANYUANLIN,MEIHUAHUANJINGDEZHUYAOHUAHUI。QIGENGANZAOWEIBAISHAO,WEIKU、SUAN、XINGWEIHAN,GUIGAN、FEI、PIJING,JUYOUPINGGANZHITONG、YANGXUEDIAOJING、LIANYINZHIHANZHIGONGNENG,YONGYUTOUNAOXUANYUN,XIETONG、FUTONG,JIROULUANTONG、YUEJINGBUDIAO、TAIDONGBUAN、ZIHAN、DAOHANDENGZHENG。SHAOYAOJUYOUHENGAODEGUANSHANGHEYAOYONGJIAZHI,QIZHONGZHIXIAOYIXIANZHU,SHICHANGQIANLIHENDA,SHIYIXIANGXINXINGCHANYE。

  1 TEZHENG、TEXING

  SHAOYAOYOUMINGYIYAO、CAOMUDAN,SHIMAOGENKE,SHAOYAOSHUDUONIANSHENGCAOBENHUAHUI。DIXIABUYOUCUZHUANGDEROUZHIGEN,TONGCHANGWEIYUANZHUXINGHUOFANGCHUIXING,QIANHUANGHESEHUOHUIZISE。YAWEIHUNHEYA,CONGSHENGYUGENJINGSHANG,ROUZHI,SHUIHONGSEHUOHUANGSE。JINGROUGENBUCUSHENG,GAO60—100cm。YEWEIERHUISANCHUYUZHUANGFUYE,ZAIZHISHAOJIJINHUACHUWEIDANSHENGXIAOYE,LUANZHUANGPIZHENXING。HUADANSHENGYUJINGDING,DANBAN,HUADA,SEYAN,SIMUDAN,HUASEYOUCHUNBAI、DANHONG、ZIHONG、MOZI、HUANG、FU(YIHUAERSE)DENG。HUAJING15—20cm。XIONGRUIDUOSHU,HUAPILISHENG,GUO,HANHEISEZHONGZISHULI。SHAOYAOYUANCHANYUWOGUOBEIFANG、RIBENJIXIBOLIYA。XINGNAIHAN,XILIANGSHUANG,XIYANGGUANGCHONGZU。YAOQIUPAISHUILIANGHAODESHARANGTU,JIYULAOJISHUI。SHAOYAOSHIXUGENZHIWU,MEINIAN3YUEMENGFACHUTU,4—6YUEWEIZHANGWANGSHENGSHIQI,HUAQI5YUE,GUOQI6—8YUE,8YUEZHONGXUNSHANGBUKAISHIKUWEISHISHAOYAODAIHANLIANGZUIGAO。

  2 ZAIPEIJISHU

  2 1 ZHENGDI

  XUANZEPAISHUILIANGHAOTONGFENGXIANGYANG,TUCENGSHENHOU,FEIWODERANGTUHUOSHARANGTUWEIYI,QIANCHAYIXIAOMAIJIANZUIYOU。ZAIPEIYAOQIUJINGGENGXIZUO,SHENGENG20—40cm,GENGFAN1CIHUO2CI,JIEHEGENGFANMEIGONGQINGSHINONGJIAFEI2400—60000kgZUOJIFEI,GENGPING,ZUOQI。

  2 2 FANZHI

  CHANGCAIYONGFENZHUFANZHI,SHAOYAODEZAIZHIBIXUZAI8—9YUEJINXING,YINZHEISHILIYUGENDESHANGKOUYUHEHEMENGFAXINGEN,GUOWANSHAOYAOYATOUYIFAXINGEN,ZAIZHISHIRONGYINONGDUAN,YINGXIANGLAINIANSHENGZHANG。JUEQILAOZHU,JIANGSHAOYAOTOUCONGGENBUGEXIA,XUANXINGZHUANGCUDA,WUBINGCHONGHAIDEYAPAN,ANDAXIAOHEYADEDUOSHAO,SHUNQIZIRANSHENGZHANGXINGZHUANGQIECHENGKUAI,MEIKUAILIUYA2—4GE,YATOUXIALIU2cmZHANGDETOUYILISHENGZHANG。YIBANMEIGONGQINGSHAOYAOYATOUKEZAI3—4hm2,MEI4ZHI5NIANFENZHUYICIWEIYI。SHAOYAOYATOUZUIHAOSUIQIESUIZAI。RUBUNENGJISHIZAIZHONG,YINGJISHIZHUZANG,KEZAISHINEIXUANYINLIANGTONGFENGGANZAOCHU,DISHANGPUSHIRUNDEXISHATU,JIANGYATOUXIANGSHANGDUIFANG,ZAIGAISHIRUNSHATU。ZAIZHISHI,ANSHAOYAOYATOUDAXIAOFENBIEZAIZHI,BIANYUGUANLI。XINGZHUJU50cm×30cm,MEIGONGQINGZAI6×104ZHU—6 8×104ZHU。XUEZAI,MEIXUEFANGYIKUAI,MAIRUDIXIA3cmWEIYI。ZAIZHISHI,TURANGBUYIGUOSHI,YIMIANYINQILANGENYINGXIANGCHENGHUO。LANQIANFUGAIMAICAO,SHUYEDENG,BAOCHITURANGWENDU。DIERNIAN3YUESHANGXUN,SHAOYAOMENGFAQIANQINGCHUFUGAIWU。

  2 3 MIAOJIANGUANLI

  2 3 1 ZHONGGENGCHUCAOZAOCHUNSONGTUBAOSHANG CHUMIAOHOUMEINIANZHONGGENGCHUCAO4—6CI,ZHONGGENGYIQIAN,YIMIANSHANGGENSIMIAO。10YUEXIAXUN,FENGDONGQIAN,LIDIMIAN7—10cmCHUJIANQUZHIYE,ZAIGENJINGPEITUYUE15cm,YILIYUEDONG。

  2 3 2 ZHUIFEI DIERNIANQIMEINIANZHUIFEISANCI,MEICIZHUIFEI,YUZHIZHULIANGCEWAXUESHIXIAWEIHAO,XIANGQINGJIANBIAO1。

  2 3 3 PAIGUANSHUI SHAOYAOXIHANPALAO,YIBANBUXUGUANGAI,YANZHONGGANHANSHI,KEZAIBANGWANGUANTOUSHUIYICI。DUOYUJIJISHIQINGGOUPAISHUI,JIANSHAOFABINGJIHUI。

  2 3 4 ZHAILEI WEILESHIYANGFENJIZHONGGONGGENBUSHENGZHANG,MEINIANCHUNJIXIANLEISHIYAOJISHIJIANGCELEIZHAICHU,HUAHOURUBULIUZHONGZIYAOJIANGCANHUAJIANQU。

  2 4 BINGCHONGHAIDEFANGZHI ZHUYAOYOUYIXIAJIZHONG:

  2 4 1 RUANFUBING BINGZHUYEMIAN、YEBING、HUAJINGSHANGCHUXIANSHUIJINZHUANGBAN,JINERWEIRUANXIACHUI,RUBUJISHIFANGZHIQUANZHUSIWANG。FAXIANCIBINGSHIJIANCHULANYE、LANJING,ZAIJIANCHUTULIUHUANGFEN,YEKEYONGDAISENXINDENGYAOYUFANG。

  2 4 2 BAIFENBING ZHUYAOWEIHAIYEPIAN,BEIHAIYELIANGMIANCHUXIANBAIFENZHUANGBINGBAN。FABINGCHUQIYONG50%TUOBUJIN800—1000BEIYEPENWUFANGZHI,MEIZHOUYICILIANPEN2—3CI。

  2 4 3 YACHONGHEHONGZHIZHUBING FASHENGKEPEN40%LEGUOXISHI1000—1500BEIPENSA,MEIZHOUYICI,LIANXUPENSANCIKEXIAOMIE。

  2 5 CAISHOUJIAGONG

  10YUEZHONGXUNZHIZHUKUHUANGSHICAIWA,XIANJIANGDISHANGJINGYEGEQU,RANHOUXIAOXINWACHUROUZHIGENBONIQUZA,SHAIBANGAN,QIEPIAN,SHAIGANWEICHISHAO;XUANCUZHUANGGENQUPI,ZHUTOUSHAI1—2d,JINQUBIANRUANCUOSHI,QIEPIAN,SHAIGANWEIBAISHAO。

  CHISHAOZAIPEIJISHUSAN

  (YI)XUANDIZHENGDI

  XUANZETUZHISHUSONG、TUCENGSHENHOU,PAISHUILIANGHAODEPINGDIHUOHUANPO,GENGFAN30LIMIZUOYOU,QINGCHUTIANJIANSHIKUAI、ZACAOHECAOGEN,RANHOUDALONGHUOZUOQI。RUSHAZHIJIAOZHONGTOUSHUIHAODEDIKUAI,YICAIYONGPINGQI,TUZHIJIAOZHANTOUSHUIBULIANGDEDIKUAI,YICAIYONGGAOQI。QIGAO15LIMIZUOYOU,QIKUAN100-140LIMI,QIJIANJU35LIMI。

  (ER)ZHONGZHIFANGFA

  1、QIMIANSHUNXIANGKAIQIANGOU,GOUSHEN5-7LIMI,TIAOBO,JIANGZHONGZIJUNYUNSARUGOUZHONG,FUTU5LIMIZUOYOU,SHAOZHENYA。ZUIHAOSHANGGAIJIUFEI。DI2NIAN5YUEKAISHICHUMIAO,MEINIAN5-6YUEZHUISHINONGJIAFEI1CI,DONGJIZAIQIMIANPUQUANFEIHUOTUZAFEI,YIBAOANQUANYUEDONG。PEIYU2NIANHOUZUOZHONGMIAOJINXINGYIZAI,YIZAIFANGFATONGYATOUZAIFA。ZHONGZIFANZHI,YINSHENGZHANGNIANXIANZHANG,YIBANXUYONG5NIANZUOYOUCAINENGSHOUHUO,SHENGCHANSHANGDUOBUCAIYONG。

  2、YATOUZAIFA

  KECAIYONGDALONGZAIPEI。ZAILONGSHANGKAIGOU,JIANGXUANHAODEYATOUANZHUJU30LIMIZAIZHONG,YACHAOSHANG,YONGSHAOLIANGTUGUDINGYATOU,ZAIYONGFUSHUBINGFEIHUOYOUJIFEILIAOSHIRUGOUNEI,FUTUHOUSHAOYAJIKE。

  (SAN)TIANJIANGUANLI

  1、ZHONGGENGCHUCAO

  ZAIZHONGHOU,TOULIANGNIANYOUMIAOAIXIAO,ZUIHAOZAIQIMIANPUSHANGQUANFEI,BUJINZENGJIAFEILI,BINGYIZHIZACAODESHENGZHANG。ZAIHOUDI2NIANHONGYALUCHUHOU,YINGLIJIZHONGGENGCHUCAO,CISHIDECHISHAOGENXIANXI,ZHAGENBUSHEN,BUYISHENCHU。5,6YUEGEZHONGGENGCHUCAOYICI。

  2、PEITU、GUANGAI

  MEINIANDONGJIZAIQINGLIKUZHICANYEDETONGSHI,YINGPEITU1CI,YIFANGZHIYUEDONGYALUCHUDIMIANKUSI。ZAIXIAJIGAOWENGANZAOSHIQI,YEYINGSHIDANGPEITUKANGHAN。YOUTIAOJIANDEDIQU,KEYIGUANGAI。DUOYUJIJIE,YAOJISHIPAISHUI。

  3、ZHAILEI XIANLEISHI,XUANQINGTIANJIANGHUALEIQUANBUZHAICHU,YILIGENBUSHENGZHANG。LIUZHONGDEZHIZHU,KESHIDANGQUDIAOBUFENHUALEI,SHIZHONGZICHONGSHIBAOMAN。

  4、JIANZUO ZAIHOUDANGNIANHEDI2NIAN,KESHIDANGZAICHISHAOKONGJIANZAIZHONGYUMI、DADOU,YIJIANGDIXIAJIDIBIAOWENDU,YOUNENGSHOUHUOLIANGSHI。

  BINGCHONGHAIFANGZHI:

  1、BINGHAI

  SHAOYAOHUIMEIBING: SHIYOUYIZHONGZHENJUNYINQIDEBINGHAI,YE、JING、HUADENGBUWEIJUNHUIBEIHAI。BINGJUNZHUYAOYIJUNHESUIBINGYETUOLUO,ZAITUZHONGYUEDONG。YIBANZAIKAIHUAYIHOUFABING,YINYULIANMIANSHIZUIZHONG。FANGZHIFANGFA: FABINGHOU,QINGCHUBEIHAIZHIYE,JIZHONGSHAOHUIHUOSHENMAI。CAIQULUNZUOHUOXUANYONGWUBINGZHONGYA,PINGSHIYINGJIAQIANGTIANJIANGUANLI,JISHIPAISHUI,BAOCHITONGFENGTOUGUANG。YIFABINGQIHEFABINGCHUQIYONG1∶1∶100BOERDUOYEPENSHAIZHIZHU,MEIGE10-14TIANPEN1CI,LIANXUJINXING3-4CI。

  SHAOYAOXIUBING: SHIYOUYIZHONGZHENJUNYINQIDEBINGHAI,WEIHAIYEPIAN。7、8YUEBINGQINGJIAZHONG。FANGZHIFANGFA: SHAOYAOSHOUHUOSHIJIANGCANZHUBINGYEJIZHONGSHAOHUI,JIANSHAOYUEDONGJUNYUAN。ZAIFABINGCHUQIPENBOMEI0.3-0.4DUSHILIUHEJIHUO97%DIXIUNA400BEIYEXIAOGUOLIANGHAO。

  2、HAICHONG YOUQICAO、DILAOHU、LOUGUDENGWEIHAIGENBU。MEIMUKEYONGXINLIULIN2GONGJIN,ZHICHENGDUTU,JIEHEZHENGDISARUTUZHONGDUSHA。


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